The Economics of Trading Softball Pins and Other Collectibles


The trading culture has permeated a large portion of the childhood of many millenials. There were trading card games, such as in Yu Gi Oh!, Pokemon, and Monsters. There were also action figures, stamps, and pins, such as baseball and softball trading pins. Recently, there have been games in which gifts and upgrades are traded online.

For many people, the barter system is a little strange and ineffective. Trading a single cow for 5 chickens? How are you sure you’re getting the right value for your products? That’s why money exists! Well, most children don’t have that luxury, so they have a little taste of the economic world starting with a little barter system of collectibles. Here are two things you probably learned while indulging in the activity:

You learned the concept of Intrinsic Value

In the world of finance, many investors, financial analysts, and economists have to learn what intrinsic value is. Basically, it’s what an object is truly worth based on an educated perception of all its assets and liabilities. The value may or may not be the same as its price.

This is easy to grasp. In the field of softball trading pins, the rule is generally that more successful teams have more valuable pins. Perhaps a corollary to this is that pins of specific years where their best plays happened are much more valuable. Then, you remember the law of supply and demand. Pins that are common aren’t as valuable as those that are rare.

You buy a set of stock pins at a certain price. Then you trade it around. You now have pins which were bought at specific prices but whose intrinsic values may be different. How did you estimate intrinsic value? The answer’s simple – through education and research. You read up on the various teams, their successes and failures, and the pins that represent these. You have experiences of seeing certain pins often. You were taught which secondary pins were worth more than others. You trade according to how valuable you think these pins are.

You learned how to haggle

Softball trading pinsHaggling is quite a common system in markets without fixed prices. Some people find it hard to adapt to doing these, while others are just natural at it. In a trading culture, you probably won’t survive very long if you don’t haggle. Plus, the temptation to actually do so is too strong to ignore!

Remember that time that you had a bunch of softball trading pins you weren’t really interested in keeping, but you had your eye on another one? And it just so happened that the person who owned that piece also was not interested in any of your pins? So you started haggling. First you offer a one-on-one trade. Then you move on to two for one. And you keep raising the bait until either the other person bites or you feel the value is too high.

On the other hand, there may have been instances when you were offered a trade that you think was too high, like a single regular pin in exchange for your pin with spinners. So, again, you haggle. You ask the other person to increase his or her stakes so that you could both end up in a win-win situation.

Being financially aware has always been considered as an adult thing. Most grown-ups don’t believe that children have the capacity to make such decisions, or they think that children will surely make devastating choices. Well, one of the only effective ways to learn is to actually practice! The trading culture, such as in the use of softball trading pins, is a fun and safe stepping stone for children before entering the aggressive world of monetary economics.

Strengthening the Camaraderie of Organizations through Recognition Pins


What are the basic components of a state? True, you have people, land and sovereignty but a state goes beyond that with its constitution, flag and logo. All of these are intangible manifestations of unity; the flag flying its colors along the breeze is a standing symbol of existence. The symbol is a focal point for people to be reminded that they are united as one, under one leadership, one state, with one goal. Whether it is from the east or the west, countries around the world fly their own flag carrying their own symbols. It is the badge of their identities.

It is in the same spirit that organizations posses similar symbols. Whatever the function of your organization may be, be it sports, politics or charity, nothing shows your unity and collective goals better than flying under one banner. The logo embodies the ideals, spirit, goals and visions of your organization.

recognition pinsHowever, fancy logos alone do not make an organization. It is the people, the members; they are the bloodline of the organization. And like every good-working system, each and every part must be functional. Every single unit, every single person must feel that they belong. But how do you take that unity embodied in your logo and place it in a single person?

Enter the recognition pins.

It performs the essentially the function of a flag, without the bulk. By recognizing the membership of every person through an actual, tangible means, you effectively give them an object to hold on to; an object that reminds them that they belong. Words and handshakes have their effects but if you give each one of them recognition pins that they can hold, they will forever hear those words or feel that handshake. It essentially becomes a portable symbol of their acceptance to your organization.

Lovers hold on to love letters and flowers for the same reason; material objects is an ever reminder of vows taken.

The possession of recognition pins does not only serve as reminders; it is also a distinguishing factor. It is a solid piece of object that advertises their membership. Just imagine those recognition pins fastened onto lapels in public. Not only will it attract the curiosity of others, it will identify your members as a part of your organizational family. Your members will not only feel that they truly belong, they will feel that they belong with pride as they walk through the streets carrying the symbol; the ideals, goals and mission of your organization, with them. Simply put, it allows them to take your organization wherever they go.

The need to belong is one of the most basic human needs. After all, Aristotle once said that “no man is an island but rather, each of us is part of a continent.” While family and friends will form the very basic connection, the human need to explore will always allow them to either build or join organizations. However, not all organizations will last. One of the reasons an organization may fall is the lack of unity; the lack of common goal or camaraderie for one another.

You can address such possible lack by presenting them with a symbol they can carry; an ever-reminder of their membership and their visions that brought them to the organization. With a tangible object in hand, they will be reminded and reassured at any possible moment. Their feelings of belonging to something exquisite and exclusive will be reinforced as their fingers run through the geometry and dimensions of the symbol. One of the best ways to take your symbol from the abstract and put it in their hands is by giving them something that acknowledges their membership: something like recognition pins.

How to Stand Out in Keynote Speaking


If you are aiming to become a keynote speaker and were just given the opportunity to be one, grab it. Keynote speaking is difficult, especially for starters. There is no guarantee that one day people would walk out of their way just to hear you talk; that you would be earning thousands of dollars for a single session. This is why once a door opens up for you, do not let it pass by.

It is relatively easy for keynote speakers to stay in the profession after overcoming the first big step. Keynote speaking is a cycle; its process is repetitive. It’s always the first time that is the hardest. In this case, it is getting an audience who are willing to hear you talk, considering that you are a neophyte. You need to perform for free and do a series of follow-ups to obtain clients and get them to book you again.

Keynote speakersThe determining factor on how to stand out as keynote speakers is the quality of their material. The quality of your material matters because excellent speaking abilities are not the main point in keynote speaking. The focal point is the actual piece that you are going to speak about. Speaking abilities just come next. The gestures that you employ are just addendums to make your speech more convincing.

How do you write a good-quality material? Keynote speakers usually have a specific field of interest wherein they are considered experts. You, as a beginner, should also determine which field appeals to you the most. Where do you excel? Or which particular field have you contributed a great deal with? If you are a salesperson, for example, you might want to focus on marketing. Include in your program different techniques that are helpful in being able to market products effectively. Conduct researches to deduce the reasoning why customers settle for the brands that they are comfortable with, even if it is not the best in the whole industry.

Delve deeper into the how’s and why’s of marketing. Understand it from all angles, from different perspectives – either as the seller or the consumer. From there on, you will be able to put together a very meaty material that different organizations might want to try to inculcate in their operations. Just bear in mind that no matter which field you are most comfortable with, you need to create a program that may be inspiring, very informative, a solutions-finder, or anything that you think can be of great help to your target audience.

You are now done with creating a material that meets the quality standard. Next point is your delivery abilities. Keynote speakers are known for their ability to get the attention and point of interest of their audience. As a starter, you need to know and understand how they do that. Watch different videos of successful keynote speakers and study how they express their message in a way that keeps the people focused and entertained. For example, you can inject humour as you go along to keep your audience from falling asleep.

You can also share to them about your real-life experiences – how did you achieve your accomplishments, what drove you to become a big hit in your field, what you did not do. That story-telling session should have the ability to inspire your audience because once they are inspired, they tend to open up, participate, and listen. However, you should bear in mind that everything that you are going to say should be related to your objective that is, delivering the message.

Keynote speaking is a very rewarding profession. So once you get there, do your best to get going.

Blasting Off To The Moon With Content Marketing Solutions SEO Services Provide


There are a lot of different elements of marketing that you will have to work within in order to gain leverage within the internet today. No matter how you slice it, you will need to invest a lot of time and money into the process, if you’re going to get anywhere today. Some people don’t want to believe that, and therefore end up losing out on the greater good that comes within the world of professional grade solutions, but you’ll find that if you hire SEO services to help you build market share, your site will definitely blast off into a world of success that is not easy to emulate for that you need to Visit Site.

The Problem With DIY Crowds


There are always going to be people that claim they can do it all themselves, and save money. However, if you ever break down the real cost of working alone, you will realize that you will end up losing money and market share overall. In fact, millions of people today are losing out on the best results because they end up believing the hype that surrounds the idea that you can do the majority of marketing without any help.

SEOWhile there are some sites today that have been built up without having an influence from any outside companies, they are usually few and far between. If you want to gain leverage within the world of marketing today, you will need to focus on more than just a few tips and tricks that the DIY world will try to sell you on. You will need to factor in a great deal of work to get noticed, even if you’re not sure how to get it done.

You could work on SEO for months on end, you could even do everything that the gurus say to do, and at the end of it all, see no major change in your site’s reach, traffic, or commentary. It’s imperative that you focus on the results and reality that internet marketing takes on. If you don’t, you will be spinning your wheels for a long period of time, and getting nowhere fast.

The Professional World of Marketing


Marketing on the professional side of things is interesting. The experts will take your site and will compare it to the competition that you have. You will then look into a variety of different elements and start to focus on the world as a whole, fixing different pieces of information to fully capitalize on the audience that you have or don’t have. If you don’t have an audience, you will most likely have competition that is usurping all the traffic. Once that is identified, you will find that there is a greater good at play, and something that is well worth researching on a bigger scale.

After the research is done, you’ll want to look at how content marketing is manipulated for the audience and published on behalf of all brands today. You’ll find that the audience part of the equation is easy to forget and many people end up leaving it out of the equation as a whole. If you want to make sure that you’re gaining steam, content is definitely king.

Content Marketing Through SEO Services


When you hire a pro, you will be seeing a lot of content hit your site and other places online on your behalf. The major content that you will be seeing will be tagged with your brand and get you a lot of attention. You’ll find that there are no less than 15 to 20 different types of content that you can build moving forward. When all of those are tested, one or two will be left standing. It’s that crucial to the world of marketing.

When you are publishing content and firing on all cylinders, you will be able to see the metrics that move higher than ever. You will see traffic hit your site and conversions will push through as well. Traffic margins will not just reflect different numbers, they will reflect conversion rates that rise, and bounce rates that lower. This alone is well worth looking into, and something that you are not going to regret at all.

The reason why you want to go with a pro on this is because you will find a new voice can help you get the message that you have across to the masses. You may be a good business person and your site may be getting a lot of attention, but you will not be able to do all the things that are demanded of a professional site alone.

Take No Shortcuts


When it comes to internet marketing, make sure that you do not take any sort of shortcut. Too often people take shortcuts and end up losing out on the world of marketing as a whole. With search engines penalizing sites that go with black hat techniques, you know it’s important to switch gears and focus on a slow and methodical placement. When you with a slower methodology, you will end up seeing a huge return on investment overall. It’s that crucial to the world of marketing.

Take time to hire someone that will provide results through content marketing, and you will definitely see a huge return on your investment, guaranteed.

Essential Laboratory Essentials to Obtain with Research Chemicals


Individuals working with chemicals for studies need to invest in various laboratory equipment and tools to ensure proper production. This is also the same in formulating products using research chemicals. Being chemicals, these solutions require proper handling, which is possible with the right tool and equipment. Here are the common laboratory essentials to invest:

Digital weighing scale

Weighing scales are the main equipment to be obtained for formulating these chemicals. Lab scales are specialized equipment used for measuring the amount of chemicals to use. Unlike larger scales used in shops, these are smaller in size because formulating chemicals doesn’t require kilograms of in one formulation. Some formulas only require milligrams or smaller grams of research chemicals. These scales’ sizes allow lab experts to measure chemicals in powder or crystal forms in smallest amount possible.

buy research chemicalsAside from being capabilities to measure small amounts of chemicals, digital weighing scales will also measure chemicals accurately. Lab experts don’t need to worry about calibrating the scale regularly unlike the earlier ones available. Calibration may still be necessary in some weighing scales, but their digital features make calibration easier. Pressing specific buttons will calibrate the scale.

Obtaining top quality scales is crucial for laboratories. Measurements will affect chemical dosages and titration procedures if required.


Research chemicals can’t be ingested due to their fatal effects on the body. Since they are available in powder form, there’s a great chance of inhaling its minute components, which leads to lab experts ingesting the chemical. The nose is connected to the throat and the stomach that can be irritated upon inhaling the chemical. Facial masks will protect laboratory people from inhaling chemicals.

Additionally, facemasks will protect chemists from inhaling fumes caused by mixing reagents or by subjecting them from heat. Fumes can irritate the nose and throat, which leads to allergic reactions and even difficulty breathing. Smoke and fumes produced can be thick based on the combined chemicals.

In some cases, fumes produced can be more problematic than the actual chemical. Wearing masks will protect the internal part of the body from reacting with toxic fumes produced during chemical formulation and manufacturing.

More than lab expert’s protection, laboratory professionals also wear masks to keep themselves from contaminating the chemical formulated. People may sneeze inside the lab, which means distributing viruses and bacteria to the formulated chemicals. Contaminating the formula will result to problematic output or chemical quality.


Just like inhaling, powder research chemicals can get into the eyes due to its minute components. Various accidents can cause them to be carried away by the air towards the eyes and cause irritation for lab experts. Furthermore, eyes are sensitive that getting in contact with chemicals can cause various optical problems depending on their toxicity. Although these chemicals are not as toxic as others, it’s still best to take extra precaution for chemists.


Gloves worn on the hands protect people from getting in contact with chemicals. Just like masks, gloves work in two ways in terms of protection. First, it protects chemists from directly touching the chemicals. A chemist may forget touching these chemicals and touch his meals, which will lead to ingesting them.

The next way is protecting chemicals from contamination. Hands touch numerous items that may have bacteria, making them a mode in transferring bacteria from once place to another. Touching chemicals directly and the formula will result to contamination.

Overall, obtaining top research chemicals for studies is important. However, experts also highlight getting these other laboratory essentials to ensure quality chemical production and formulation. You can obtain these essentials from the same chemical dealers or from third-party sellers of your choice.

Different Advantages of VPS Server Hosting



Virtual private server, abbreviated as VPS, functions as a common linkage among the dedicated server and shared host. Usually, VPS server is divided into different private servers. These servers differ in operating systems and resources, but they represent the entire server.

Do you know what’s good about VPS hosting? You may not be aware of which websites must avail services from a VPS server hosting company. In this article, you will learn about the different advantages of VPS hosting. Upon reading this article, you will know if your website needs such hosting services.

Although VPS hosting is quite similar to shared hosting and dedicated server, it still has a greater edge over the two. If your website runs out of shared hosting resources, the best option is to avail of the service of a VPS hosting company.

Advantages of VPS Hosting

•Sure-fire hosting resources

Unlike shared hosting, your website will no longer share hosting resources with other websites. Any website under a VPS server has guaranteed resources. All websites will have their individual data transfer, RAM, storage, CPU, IP and other hosting resources. Even though an adjacent site consumes a lot of resources, you are less likely to run out of site resources. The site will still have a great performance. Therefore, other sites with a similar server will not affect the performance of your website.

•Full authority

vpsVPS hosting authorizes you to manage your website. You are allowed to set up your own operating system, organize your server, install any software, use your control panel and do all possible things for your website. Tweaking the server is also allowed as long as you can improve its performance. In addition, you can install plugins, scripts and custom applications that are not offered by shared hosting.

•Improved performance

When several websites share the same site resources, the hosting performance may be badly affected. The functionality of your site will surely get slow. Since VPS hosting offers guaranteed resources, the performance of your site will be improved. All sites under VPS will receive CPU resources and a large disk space. Having a full root access, you can easily customize and manage the server to maximize its performance.

•Better security and more reliable

Unlike in shared hosting, your site and its contents are more secure with VPS hosting. This because VPS server allows you to set up firm and custom firewalls. Shared hosting is not secure because many clients share the same server. If one of the sites in a shared environment is down, then all shared sites are also down. VPS hosting has the ability to prevent other sites from being affected by a malicious website. Clients are allowed to examine their code and organize their custom rules so that they can sift the traffic. By doing this, the user can prevent his site from all forms of hacking.

As well, each of the clients will be using an individual mail server with a distinct IP address. In this way, your mail service will not be included in the blacklist for abusing its use. Even if you’re not the one who abuse it, as long as you are in a shared environment, you will also be blacklisted.


A hosting company usually offers services that cost more than a hundred dollars. Undeniably, VPS hosting offers high-quality and reliable services but it will only cost you tens of dollars. Having almost similar features with a dedicated server, VPS hosting is more economical. Indeed, it is the most cost-efficient option for all websites, whether small, medium or large. If your site needs a continuous supply of resources, then you can go for VPS server hosting.

Getting the Perfect Juice Base: Vegetable Glycerin or Propylene Glycol


Every viper that just started out on switching to this from smoking must at least have that certain interest with the way he could mix and match the flavors that are made available by different manufacturers. This becomes much more appealing once novice vipers try to experiment, doing their own version of their juice. However, there are certain things that should first be considered than just choosing what flavor would best suit a viper’s tastes and this is where getting the perfect base for their liquid becomes vital in assuring maximum satisfaction from their e cigarette.

ejuiceFlavor isn’t the only aspect that makes vamping much more satisfying than smoking, as far as a lot of experienced users are concerned. There are other things that a viper would want to experience from the device, and these include that burning sensation many refer to as the ‘throat hit’ and the amount of cloudy vapor they could produce.

When buying juice from a certain manufacturer, it should be noted that there is a specific ratio of propylene glycol and vegetable glycerin that exists with the particular solution. These two ingredients are considered the bases for the e liquid, and they have a great influence on the exact feel a viper could experience with his e cigarette. Additionally, some e liquid could be bought with having only one base without the other, and for specific reasons.

Propylene glycol, which serves as the more popular base, possesses a thin consistency. Because of this, it could be absorbed in the polyfill fabric of the vaping device. For many, what makes this a better choice of base than the other is how it produces the throat hit achieved when one smokes his cigarette. It also has low density, which, in essence, makes the buildup of gunk in the device’s heating element less of a problem. Due to this, a vaper would not have to go check his vaping device time after time just to make sure that it doesn’t require cleaning up.

Using this as base for the ejuice also ensures that only the taste of the flavor used in the liquid is experienced. Propylene glycol is tasteless, and for the most meticulous of vapers, this is very important.

Unfortunately, there are downsides to this as an e liquid base, which includes the thickness of cloudy vapor it could make. In comparison to smoking a real cigarette, using an e cig with e liquid having this as base creates thinner clouds of vapor. This may also be slightly harmful for vipers with allergies to the ingredient. Allergic reactions may be slight tingling sensations that the user could experience inside his throat, to certain levels of irritations felt in specific body parts. These allergic reactions, when experienced, should be the deciding point that the user should switch to vegetable glycerin.

Vegetable glycerin has its own advantages, and these include that satisfaction a user would experience from creating massive amounts of cloudy vapor. Also, vipers should not worry themselves about allergic reactions, as this particular component doesn’t produce such effects.

What makes having only vegetable glycerin as the base for the juice is the need for regular checking of the vamping gear. This could easily build up gunk, and this is not definitely something that frequent vipers would want to do. Furthermore, this has a certain aftertaste that is sweet. Some might be delighted with how it helps sweeten the flavor of their juice, but for other e cig users, this interferes with the precise taste they want to experience with their e liquid, especially if they created it themselves from scratch.

Quick Relief for Common Health Problems through Traditional Chinese Herbal Remedies


In traditional Chinese medicine, herbal remedies are categorized according to their warming or cooling effects on the body and the taste can also influence their use. Basically, sweet herbs regulate qi, salty herbs have cleansing and softening effect, acrid herbs diffuses cold and stagnation and bitter herbs disperse heat.

herbal remediesThe Chinese have herbs that release the exterior that serves to boost the immune system to prevent diseases from entering the body’s interior. The body’s defensive qi that repels a pathogenic influence can be assisted by Echinacea, ginseng, garlic, bell peppers, ginger, turmeric, gingko biloba, astragalus, ganaderma and cat claws to name a few. The warm herbs force out the cold wind through increasing the body temperature and perspiration while the cool, acrid herbs expel wind heat.

Herbs that dispel wind dampness increase blood circulation to reduce swelling and inflammation faster are ideal for arthritis and skin conditions. To treat these chronic cases, it is important to determine whether these are caused by heat or cold. Dampness or cold herbal remedies nourishes qi deficiencies and addresses the underlying condition. Aloe vera, boswellia, eucalyptus, cat’s claw, ginger, thunder god vine, willow bark and turmeric are effective in reducing the pain and tenderness present with all types of arthritis.

Downward draining herbs can be used as purgatives, cathartics and mild lubricating laxatives that treat different degrees of constipation. Excess heat, qi stagnation or deficiency, and disharmony that causes slowed bowel motility can be cured by rhubarb root, astragalus, cannabis seeds, beans, apricots, flax, berries, plums, nuts, pears and apples.

Overeating or bad combination of difficult to digest foods can lead to feelings of bloatedness, nausea, vomiting, lack of appetite and acid belching. Herbs that ease food stagnation or indigestion like bupleurum root, ginseng, atractylodes, Chinese licorice, citrus peel, pinellia rhizome and poria are considered effective herbal remedies for digestive problems and help strengthen the spleen qi.

Diarrhea can be caused by parasites, reaction to medicines, food intolerances, bacterial or viral infection, intestinal disease and irritable bowel syndrome. Depending on the cause, traditional Chinese herbs like codonopsis, poria and atractylodes, and aucklandia lappa can be used. Dehydration that comes with diarrhea can be prevented with hot peppermint tea and vegetable broth.

Herbs can stop coughing by relaxing the cough reflex and can clear the phlegm. Cooling moistening expectorants can cure heat phlegm that is sticky and hard to expectorate while warming drying expectorants are used for cold sputum production that comes with chills and copious mucus. Herbal remedies like ginger tea, mulberry leaf and apricot seed decoction, and pinellia root teapills are effective treatments together with acupuncture and moxa therapy.

Common colds can be caused by wind cold or wind heat that can be diagnosed depending on their symptoms. Wind cold is accompanied with fever, chills, clear mucus with nasal or sinus congestion or cough, stiff neck and headache felt at the back of the head. Spring onions, fresh ginger, ephedra decoction and licorice with green tea help relieve the symptoms. Wind heat cold presents with fever, rapid pulse, swollen sore throat with irritability and headache and non-productive cough with yellow mucus. This can be treated with forsythia and honeysuckle clear toxin tablets, isatis root, andrographis leaf and dandelion root.

Herbs that calm the spirit are useful for rapid heartbeats with anxiety and insomnia because of heart blood or liver yin insufficiency. These have soothing effect that helps relieve nervousness, palpitations, irritability and insomnia. Chinese traditional medicine recommends arbor-vitae seeds, mimosa tree bark, polygonum vine or fleece flower vine, sour jujube seeds, and senega roots to help feel relaxed and refreshed.

Urinary tract infection is caused by introduction of bacteria along the urinary tract which consists of the kidneys, bladder, urethra and ureters. It often presents with fever, painful frequent urination and urinary retention. Chinese herbal remedies such as anemarrhena roots and phellondendron bark are two heat-clearing plants that serve to dissipate heat from yin deficiency and restore balance to the body’s qi.

Custom Challenge Coins Outside the Military and in Popular Culture


Custom challenge coins have been around for a very long time now. These coins are set apart from typical coins in that they aren’t used as a form of currency. Rather, these coins are used for a wide variety of different functions.

For one thing, the coin helps establish a person’s membership with a particular unit within the military or in other service groups. Challenge coins are also awarded to service personnel for exemplary services rendered. Challenge coins are also sometimes given to people who are not members of the unit during special occasions. One shining example would be the case of former US President George W. Bush. George Bush was given a challenge coin by a member of a patrol unit during his short and unscheduled visit in a US military base in Iran.

While primarily used by the military, custom challenge coins have also found use and appreciation outside of the military. These coins are as special and unique as their military counterparts. Pop culture has also recognized and affirmed the long standing tradition of challenge coins as the gold standard of proof of affiliation, or as some sort of sign that someone has just rubbed elbows with the top brass of the government or the military.

Outside the military

There are plenty of organizationsCustom Challenge Coins outside the military that exchange challenge coins. The Civil Air Patrol, World Series of Poker, NASCAR, and even the Eagle Scouts have their own challenge coins. The practice and custom of giving and receiving challenge coins has also extended to Fraternal organizations, police departments, as well as fire departments.

Back in 2009, a special challenge coin was made available to owners of Harley Davidson motorcycle by the Harley Owners Group (H.O.G). On the website of H.O.G, it was told how those who all own a Harley Davidson motorcycle share a common bond similar to those who serve their country with pride.

Beginning with Bill Clinton, each U.S President were presented with their own special custom challenge coins, and since the time of Dick Cheney, each Vice President has also had one of their own. The President of the United States is given several coins, one for the inauguration, one that commemorates his administration, and a public coin sold at special gift shops.

In popular culture

The DVD commentary track for Iron Man 2 has Jon Favreau saying that he gave special challenge coins to members of the United States Air Force. He gave these special coins as a gesture of appreciation for the cooperation that they extended to the film crew while they shot the first two Iron Man films on location at Edwards Air Force Base.

One of the biggest shows on television is also famous for giving out special challenge coins to the members of NASA. In the TV show the Big Bang Theory, one of the characters is famous for being an actual astronaut. Story has it that the Executive Producer, Bill Prady, gave a special challenge coin to the crew of the Space Shuttle.

Another cool and critically acclaimed show known for using challenge coins is Breaking Bad. The show is about a terminally ill patient who decides to cook crystal meth in order to leave something behind for his family before he dies. The show’s creator, Vince Gilligan, is known to have given a special challenge coin to commemorate each and every season of the show. The special Blu-ray complete set of the show also has its own challenge coin.

Though it has strong roots in the United States, other countries are also known to use challenge coins. Canada, for example, has used custom challenge coins for certain organization, such as the Canadian Airborne Regiment.

You’ve come to the right place. Challenge Coins 4 Less is your one-stop source for great custom coins and custom challenge coins of all kinds.

Criminal Defenses Used by a Criminal Defense Attorney


When you are charged against a crime, there are several defenses your lawyer can use either to acquit you or to reduce your penalties. These are the so-called criminal defenses. These defenses negate the elements of crime. This means that the accused may be excused from the penalty or the punishment. A criminal defense attorney Salt Lake City should know all these in order to defend his clients properly. This may save them from getting into jail or being persecuted.

The criminal defenses may give a partial or total refuge of the punishment. The criminal defense attorney Salt Lake City must be able to express the proper arguments and defending statements. If you are charged or proven guilty, your criminal defense attorney Salt Lake City must be good at handling or using criminal defenses to clear your record. These are some of the criminal defences often used in court:


criminal defense attorneyA person may be excused from the punishment if he or she is suffering from a mental condition at the time that the criminal act was committed. That being said, a person with mental disorder has no capacity of committing crime as they are not in their proper state of mind. This means that they did not intend to do what they have done. This may be because of the lack of knowledge that what they are doing. They do not know what is right and what is wrong.

Once a person is proven innocent because of insanity, then he has to face another consequence. The person must enter a mental institution for his mental disorder to be treated properly. He must also be quarantined to prevent him from doing the same crime again.


This means being under the influence of elements and substances that may affect his state of mind. An example of this is alcohol. Because of this, the mens rea element is being negated. Since the mind is not in its proper state, then the intent is not present. Therefore, the mind is not guilty. Without the mind being guilty, the act is not considered guilty as well. With this premise, the punishment may be lessened or not implemented at all. If charged with such crime, a criminal defense attorney Salt Lake City must be able to prove that you had no control of what you did. They must argue involuntary intoxication because voluntary intoxication may indicate intent.


Necessity may also be called lesser harm. Your criminal defense attorney Salt Lake City must be able to present facts that the performed act was done to prevent greater harm. The accused must have done the crime because he saw that there is no other way to stop the damage but to do such crime. If proven that the crime was done out of this, then the person may be declared innocent because the intention was not to cause harm but to ensure safety.

Lawful Capacity of the Office

This defense can be used by public servants such as policemen and security guards. It is a part of their job to maintain the safety and security of the person or place they are designated to man. This may involve hurting another person to protect others. This is similar to using necessity as the criminal defense. The difference is that, this involves power that was specifically granted to the accused as part of his authority. A guard killing a person to prevent him from causing harm to other people is an example of a case where this defense can be argued.

Self Defense

This is one of the most popular and most common criminal defenses used by people charged with crimes. This is somewhat the same as necessity, except that the act is already being done when you committed the crime. This is applied in cases when a person has to harm or kill another to defend himself against being assaulted by the same person.

Author Bio:Criminal Defense Attorney Salt Lake City at Sharifi & Baron have handled hundreds of cases and won victories for our clients throughout the legal spectrum, including DUI cases in Utah, and those facing criminal charges.

Finding Cheap Golf Clubs and Accessories: Golf Doesn’t Have to be Expensive


Having the right equipment in golf can help you perform well in your game. However, most people believe that to have one means you need to spend a huge amount of money on club membership, learning, and accessories.

Believe it or not, golf doesn’t have to be expensive. If you are planning to take it as a hobby, you can start by buying cheap golf clubs instead of more expensive brands. Cheap doesn’t mean it’s not sturdy. You can still have quality without spending too much money. What you need is to know where to find these quality-made yet affordable golf accessories.

cheap golf clubsFor a beginner, it is impractical to splurge on expensive accessories; the same goes for buying all accessories professional golf players have. It is best to start your golf-venture by knowing the first clubs you need and other accessories. These will help you save more money. To help you find affordable golf clubs, here are tips how.

How to find cheap golf clubs

1. Try pre-owned.

There is nothing wrong with buying pre-owned clubs. If you can find high quality used clubs for sale then you are in luck. To find these, visit garage sales and used sporting goods stores.

2. Visit sporting goods stores.

Even if you are not planning to have pre-owned clubs, these stores can offer you brand new ones that may just be within your budget. They offer cheap golf clubs to widen their customers’ selection.

3. Check out sales.

Contact your local golf shops and ask when they will be having a sale. When new equipment is coming, these stores will surely have the old stocks for sale to have space for the new releases. You can get quality brands at cheaper prices.

4. Browse the internet.

The internet is a place where you can find great deals. You just have to research the best stores to get your golf clubs. Be careful though when you buy online. You have to make sure the store you will be buying from is guaranteed safe. You can check for their license and their users review. Better yet, ask a friend who has bought stuff from an online store, especially concerning their golfing needs.

5. Don’t expect that cheap golf items will perform well.

If you are in a tight budget, and you don’t want to buy pre-owned stuff, don’t expect it to be as good as those from known brands, especially if these are imitations.

Some people settle for imitated items to save more. However you can’t guarantee their durability. In this case be careful in using your clubs and make sure to ready yourself to buy a new one in case you need to replace it.

What to look for in a cheap set of golf clubs

Since you will be buying cheap golf clubs you need to consider these things: your grip and your club’s head.

See how the grip feels in your hands. There are several grades of grips you can try. These will wear eventually and you need to have a replacement available. Remember that these should be soft and sturdy enough to grip tightly.

You also need to check the club’s head. This should be securely attached to the shaft if you don’t want it flying with the ball when you swing it. Cheaper golf clubs are known to have this problem. This is the reason why golfers are advice to check for pre-loved sets or those offered during sales. Durability is hard to guarantee with imitations. They mostly fail in this area.

There are many ways for you to find cheap golf clubs. Opting for these is more practical compared to immediately splurging on expensive ones, especially those used by pro golfers.

Just remember that you can have quality and affordability if you try pre-loved golf club sets. If not, take extra care of the cheaper finds. This will help you enjoy the game.

The Advantages of Having a Misting Fan at Home


There was a time when a misting fan could only be seen in large outdoor events and commercial establishments such as restaurants, outdoor markets, factories, and other large places that are in need of an efficient cooling system. These evaporative cooling systems are usually quite bulky with heavy duty motors and pumps to lower the temperature in large, open areas.

Today, many companies that manufacture these energy efficient cooling systems have recognized the need for a sleeker, more compact model for residential use. Despite being a tried and tested way to cool the ambient temperature down, many people are still quite hesitant to buy the smaller, residential version of this popular cooling system.

Having a misting fan at home has its advantages. Aside from the obvious fact that it helps people feel more comfortable even in the sweltering heat, there are many things that a fan with a built in misting system can do to make the blistering hot summer months much more bearable.

1) The perfect outdoor cooling solution – An afternoon backyard barbecue isn’t a lot of fun if all the guests are sweating because of the searing summer heat. A normal oscillating fan is effective for indoor use, but does nothing but blow things away when used outside. The principle of evaporative cooling makes fans with misting systems perfect for outdoor use because it doesn’t just circulate the warm air around; it actually lowers the temperature in its vicinity.

2) More than just an outdoor fan – The misting system attached to the fan relies on evaporation to get the cooling effect. This is why it is most commonly used outdoors where the mist sprayed out through the fan’s nozzles can easily evaporate; however, this doesn’t mean that it can’t be used indoors. It is actually even better than using an air conditioning unit to cool a room. The only requirement for this type of fan to work indoors is to open the windows to help the evaporation process. This also helps keep the air inside the room fresh.

3) No need to stay in the pool too long – Taking a dip in the swimming pool is a great way to cool down, but when it’s sizzling hot, people tend to want to stay in the water longer than they normally would. Having a misting fan in the backyard allows people to stay cool even without getting themselves wet.

4) The greener option – When it comes to reducing energy consumption, fans with misting systems are the way to go. These fans do the same job without using up as much energy as an air conditioning unit or other heavy duty cooling system would. Having at least one of these fans at home doesn’t only help protect the environment; it also helps cut down energy bills.

5) Portability and Flexibility – These fans are built to be compact enough for easy transfer from one part of the house to another. Many models are also quite easy to assemble and disassemble, making it a perfect cooling solution for outdoor activities far from home. As long as there is an outlet or power supply to plug the fan in, it can be used for picnics, camping trips, and other summer activities.

It’s hard to ignore just how useful a good misting fan is for the home. The benefits of having one outweigh whatever reason a person may have not to buy one for their outdoor cooling needs.

Why You Need To Buy Dehumidifiers


Dust mites, mold and mildew grow and multiply quickly in damp areas.  These can cause illnesses, particularly to those who are prone to allergies.  Humidity can also cause permanent damage to wood furniture, carpets, clothes, and other fabrics.  Basements, bathrooms, kitchen sinks, and laundry rooms have high amounts of moisture.  You might need dehumidifiers in these areas of your home.

Dehumidifiers are effective in removing moisture from indoor air without lowering the overall temperature.  They can improve indoor air quality by minimizing the contaminants in the air.  The ideal humidity level inside your home is between 40 to 50%.  Maintaining a suitable humidity level in your home is important to protect your family against the harmful effects of mildew and mold.

How Does a Dehumidifier Work?

As opposed to humidifiers which add moisture to a space, dehumidifiers will remove moisture from the area thereby making them more comfortable, healthier even.  These machines operate on the concept of condensation.  Dehumidifiers utilize a fan that produces warm air on cold metal coils.  Damp air is pulled inside the dehumidifier.  Water from the air condenses on the coils and drips into a bucket or drains through a hose.

Dehumidifiers appear in many shapes, sizes, and features.  They include whole-house models and portable dehumidifiers.  The former can work well with your home’s entire heating system while the latter can easily be moved around the house where moisture problem exists.

There are various features of dehumidifiers, which should be taken into consideration.  Portable room dehumidifiers normally cost $100 to $400, depending on their capability and performance while whole house models can sell from $1000 to $2000.  Dehumidifiers also differ based on their scope and purpose.  As the name suggests, a whole house dehumidifier is capable of regulating the humidity level in the entire house.

In terms of choosing which type of dehumidifier will work best, you have to think about a number of factors such as the necessary installation and airflow volume.  You also have to figure out whether the moisture problem exists in your entire home or if it’s area-based and whether it’s an ongoing issue or seasonal.

The most important factor to consider when buying a dehumidifier is the energy usage and how the unit uses that energy.  Energy efficiency is indicated in what is known as energy factor.  Large dehumidifiers are usually more efficient than the small ones.  However, the dehumidifier with the highest energy factor might not be the best or most affordable option for you.  A dehumidifier’s operating cost varies according to the size of a room it can cover, the level of humidity in the room, the number of hours you need the unit working and the kWh rate specified by the electrical company.

Choosing the Best Commercial Refrigerator for your Business


If you are operating in the food and beverage industry, then there is no doubt about the importance of having a good commercial refrigerator. When buying commercial fridges, there are four important things you need to consider in order to make the best purchase.

Choosing the best commercial refrigerator brand is one way to guarantee that the product will be durable and effective in its use. Choosing the best brand is not just about picking the most costly fridge out there. There are some brands that are able to produce better quality, more user-friendly, durable and reliable fridges than other brands. To identify a good brand, factors such as durability, variety of control and efficiency features, establishment in the business and popularity come into play. These great brands can be identified from product reviews, top brand listings as well as through awarding organizations such as Super Brands.

The chances of the commercial refrigerator that you buy malfunctioning are always there. This is because even among the best brands, there may be a single weakness in the production line that may end up in your business. Therefore ensure that you purchase products with a warranty system. The warranty is not only enough but you also have to be keen about the duration of time that the warranty is valid and the parts covered. The warranty also goes hand in hand with the service network of the product manufacture. There should be technicians available to fix the problem if anything goes wrong.

Particulars of purchase, when it comes to a commercial refrigerator, boil down to the dimensions of the fridge. Both the internal and external dimensions of the fridge are very important. Fridges usually have similar external dimensions with varying internal dimensions making it important to check on both.  Get the maximum amount of storage that is suitable for your business.

The features of the commercial refrigerator include efficiency in use of the controls, the automation features and importantly the location of the condensing unity. Commercial refrigerators should have easy to use controls and a variety of efficiency features that makes them able to function optimally while saving your energy.

The location of the condensing unit is important because it is easier to clean when it is mounted at the bottom. It also raises the level of the lowest shelf in the fridge. The only problem is that it easily collects dirt and debris. On the other hand, the top mounted condensing unit will be hard to reach and clean and also lowers the level of the fridge towards the bottom making it strenuous to collect food from.

How the Live Chat Works


Live chat is an addition that many website owners are encouraged to invest in due to the many benefits it has to the website business. If you are running a profit making venture, setting up an online website is just the tip of the iceberg when it comes to things that you can do to make more money. Investing in search engine optimization services, website design, internet marketing campaigns and use of features such as live chat on your website are just some of the other things that you can do to attract as many customers as possible.

When it comes to operating in online markets, there is a huge difference between traffic and customers. Just like in a physical business premise, there are individuals who will pop in to take a look around and there are those who will pop in and actually buy something. It is important to be able to turn on looking individuals into customers who buy something. Live chat has that role of conversion, basically meaning converting traffic (onlookers) into customers (the ones who actually buy something).

Attracting traffic online is just the initial step to making profits. Once you set up live chat on your site, more people will be interested to contact you through the chat software. It is an initial platform for conversation which could lead to other means of contact such as a telephone conversation.

There is an agency that you will hire chat agents who will respond to the chats that come in on your website’s live chat widget. These agents have specialized responses based on the products and services offered by your business and they will respond to the customer accordingly. If the customer is a lead, the agent will then forward the customer to your business by a telephone call for a transaction. This is a classic conversion of traffic to customers.

There are many other features of the live chat widget that will help in the quick conversion of a large volume of traffic into interested and paying customers. When it comes to paying for this service, pay per performance pricing is always the way to go. This is because you are relying on the agency service for conversion of customers and therefore you should only pay for successful conversions after the service has been set up on your website. This means that only leads to your business is what will be charged to you by the agency.

Advantages of Outdoor Sectional Furniture


With more and more people seeking to create comfortable living spaces in their outdoors, outdoor sectional furniture has begun increasing in popularity. Not only are they attractive, but there are numerous other advantages that you can enjoy by opting for this type of furniture.

1. It is versatile. By using outdoor sectional furniture, you get the chance of making the most of the space available to you. Whether you are placing this furniture in an expansive garden or at a small patio, there are numerous ways that you could choose to arrange it to ensure that you are making the best use of them. Sectional furniture can be arranged in numerous configurations. The most popular is the L-shaped formation but you could also opt for a semi-circular formation or a horseshoe formation. This gives you the chance to experiment as you can always switch around the arrangement of the furniture to suit your mood or the number of guests that you are hosting at any given time. In addition to this, sectional furniture gives you the chance to revamp the look of your patio whenever the mood strikes you. Subtle changes to the seating arrangement can make the entire space appear different.

2. Extra room: This is especially advantageous if you have a small patio yet would still like to enjoy sitting there with friends and family. Outdoor sectional furniture can be easily fit into corner spaces ensuring that you are using all the space available to you without making the area look smaller. As such, either you get the chance to have some additional space to make the patio look roomier or you could use that space for more pieces of furniture. The latter is convenient in the event that you have more people in your home than you had expected and are trying to make the most of the seating arrangements.

3. Sophisticated design. One of the best things about opting for outdoor sectional furniture is that you get to incorporate modern pieces in your outdoor seating. There are numerous pieces that you could consider for this type of outdoor furniture including chaise lounges, swivel chairs, recliners and more. You can even have storage space incorporated into the design of the furniture, which makes them more functional for the space. Other pieces you could consider include ottomans and footstools that can complement the design and style that you have chosen.

Tips to Selecting Web Conferencing Software


Over the years, web conferencing has become an integral part of communication in most organizations. More and more businesses are using this to hold their meeting online as they can now have real time interaction with anyone, no matter what part of the world they are. Since this software is becoming popular by the minute, you will find that there are numerous options to choose from in the market. This might make the process of deciding what would be the best fit for your company more overwhelming.

Here are some tips that can come in handy when selecting web conferencing software.

1. Consider the quality of the audio and video. It is pertinent to select web conferencing software that offers high quality audio as well as video. There is nothing more frustrating than trying to conduct a web conference and having to deal with low sound, grainy images and worse yet, frozen images altogether. This will not only make the online meeting unbearable, but also it will waste a lot of time.

2. VoIP features. This stands for Voice over Internet Protocol. This feature goes a long way in cutting down the cost of long distance phone calls, as you will be speaking over the Internet. Through using VoIP, all participants in the online meeting can hear what is going on from the comfort of their laptop or even through their internet enabled cell phone device.

3. Instant Messaging feature. When having online meeting, chances are the participants will have varying ideas. When it is someone else’s turn to speak and other members want to communicate, a chat or instant messaging feature would come in quite handy in web conferencing software. This allows participants to directly message each other without having to disrupt the meeting.

4. Mobile features. With the advancements in technology, our cell phones have now evolved to being smart phones. This simply means more and more people rely on their cell phone just as they would their personal computer. As such, it would not be surprising to find that some of the participants may take part in the online meeting via their cell phone rather than sitting in front of their laptop. With that in mind, it is pertinent to choose web conferencing software that can be enabled on handheld devices. This makes it more convenient for all participants who have a video-capable phone as they can join the meeting wherever they are, whether they are at home or in the office.

Planning all Inclusive Vacations


A vacation is always something to look forward to. An opportunity to explore, relax and experience new people and culture. The best way to ensure that your all inclusive vacations give you everything that you are looking forward to is to make proper plans well ahead of the time. Planning the process of execution of a vacation may seem difficult but its best to get it out of the way so that every day of your vacation will be catered for and relaxing for you.

There are various destinations all over the world where you can have a vacation. Choosing the destination will depend on a number of factors such as cost, time frame, seasonality and whether it is possible to travel or not. Having to consider each of these factors separately when you are planning all inclusive vacations may be difficult since they may bring conflicting results. There are some resources that you can use to eliminate such confusion. These resources can be found online with listings and directories of vacation packages in places all over the world with the best weather, package costs and travel arrangements.

Essentially, all inclusive vacations cover all the factors in consideration. These vacations are usually planned by tour agencies in partnership with hotels and travel agencies to ensure that the information received by the client about the vacation is compact. This makes your planning easier since the package costs of such vacations include the amount of airfare that you will need, accommodation for a given number of days, travel arrangements such as tour vehicles and rental cars as well as arrangements to visit various attraction sites.

Once you have identified the vacation package that you desire, the rest of the planning only involves clearing your schedule for the duration of time that you will be away, finding a house sitter, seeing a doctor for a checkup and getting the recommended vaccines and maybe finding someone to watch your dog! Vacations can be quite easy to plan if you get the right kind of information.

The financial aspect of planning for your vacation is probably the biggest aspect that you need to consider. Once you have a package cost, you can either start saving if you have the time or find a financing option for the vacation. Package costs of all inclusive vacations are usually easier to services that paying for each and every aspect of the vacation as a separate cost.

Finding the Best Graduation Sashes


You will find a multitude of locations you can look to find a graduation sash for Greek life. Probably the most key components of your energy spent attending college may be the activities that you dedicate a lot of your time and efforts. Clearly academic accomplishments are recognized first of all, but contributions to clubs, Greek existence, and time spent studying abroad will also be commemorated with the putting on of stoles. Regardless of fraternity or sorority that you belonged and pledged your membership for a long time, you are able to put on the a graduation sash for Greek life happily.

Graduation SashWhen graduation is approaching there’s frequently a golf club leader who are able to hands out info on the best places to order your graduation sash for Greek life. There’ll also frequently be considered a party locked in your recognition, and also the recognition of other graduation people, after graduation and also the ceremony happen to be completed. You’re given the chance to happily boast regarding your participation in Greek existence by putting on your A graduation sash for Greek life towards the graduation ceremony itself along with the after party.

Among the best places to locate a graduation sash for Greek life is online. When you purchase your for Greek life online you can put anticipatory orders on your own as well as for other people of the organization. You could get bigger discount rates for bigger orders after which charge the siblings or siblings of the fraternity or sorority to pay for the price when graduation approaches. When you purchase ahead of time you could get discount rates or special rates for that bigger orders and make sure that you possess the Graduation sash for Greek life lengthy prior to the ceremony commences. This can alleviate lots of stress if they’re bought ahead of time.

Throughout graduation time, the strain develops as everybody is attempting to put orders, obtain the correct colors, materials, and letters stitched onto their clothing products, such as the Graduation sash for Greek life. Therefore, it is within the welfare of both you and your organization to anticipate the number of people is going to be graduation within the approaching year and put an order lengthy ahead of time. Actually, when the stoles stay the same every year it may prove advantageous to merely conserve a constant supply and restock when needed to ensure that there’s no large hurry or extra delivery costs throughout the hectic graduation here we are at orders ignored before the last second.

WiseFixer – Non-Techie Explanation of WiseFixer Features


WiseFixer is a program for Windows which keeps your computer’s health and speed stable. There are free trials of WiseFixer available on their site for anyone interested in testing the program. There are many parts to the WiseFixer, each of which has a different benefit. WiseFixer is credited with placing customer support as its main priority, with a website that is dedicated to providing answers to all the questions that customers have. There is 24/7 email support for customers who get responses within one business day. This means that customers should never have wait for a response or deal with confusion or problems when using WiseFixer.

The first part is called the Scan Clear program. This scans your computer and searches for anything within your registry which is an invalid entry. It will regularly scan your computer and look to betterWiseFixer maintain the system before it freezes and crashes. You can improve the overall performance of your Windows by utilizing this feature regularly. This means that the feature works in the background of your computer while you work to check everything about your system, making sure that it all works the way that it should. As soon as something is foreign or something shows up which does not belong, the tool will locate it and then remove it or fix it until it no longer causes problems with your computer.

The System Optimize feature is responsible for improving the performance of your computer after the scan clear feature removes the bad registry errors. This means that the features will continually scan your computer and look for things which do not belong. When it finds the bad things which might harm your computer or slow it down, it will get rid of them or fix them so that your computer continues to work at the best speed.

The IE Tools feature is responsible for detecting and removing any unnecessary helper objects from your browser. This can include plug-ins which hinders the performance of your computer. This feature helps to ensure that your internet explorer searches remain healthy and normal. This means that when you search online, certain websites might try to use additional features when you click on them which might weigh down your browser’s speed and ability to work well. This feature will track down those items and remove them or block them so that you do not have to deal with pop ups or plug-ins.

The next major tool which is a part of the WiseFixer is the system fix tool. This scans the operating system, diagnoses it, and then repairs it. This helps to regularly maintain the best optimization. By using WiseFixer System Fix you can increase the performance of your computer, ensure that software runs cleaner, experience more options for internet use, as well as enjoy better system services. This means that the tool will scan all parts of your computer and ensure that it is working properly. There might be many items which are designated as part of your start up menu which do not need to be. This tool will locate all of the programs which are running unnecessarily in the background of your computer to ensure that your computer remains at the best speed and functionality.